Instituto de Biotecnologia UNAM

IBT-UNAM : Dr. Mario Soberón Chávez


Dr. Mario Soberón Chávez

Líder Académico »» Grupo


Tutor de Maestría y Doctorado

Nivel III del SNI

Grupo del Dr. Mario Soberón

Departamento de Microbiología Molecular

Líneas de investigación


- Licenciatura: Investigacion Biomedica Basica, Instituto de Investigaciones Biomedicas-UNAM (1983)
- Maestría: en Investigacion Biomedica Basica, CIFN-UNAM (1985)
- Doctorado: en Investigacion Biomedica Basica, CIFN-UNAM (1988)
- Medalla "Gabino Barreda" por estudios de Maestría (1987)
- Mencion honorífica en examen de Licenciatura (1983)
- Mencion honorífica en examen de Maestría (1985)
- Mencion honorífica en examen de Doctorado (1989)
- Plant genetics Systems, N.V. Gante, Belgica (II-90 a IV-91)

Premio de Investigación en Biotecnología Agrícola AgroBIO (2006)

Publicaciones recientes

Wu,K.M. Xiao,Y.T. Xu,P.J. Wilson,K. Bravo,A. Soberon,M. Yang,X.M. Yuan,H. Jin,M.H. Zheng,W.G. Li,W.J. 2021. Rapid spread of a symbiotic virus in a major crop pest following wide-scale adoption of Bt-cotton in China bioRxiv, Preprint posted February 10., .

Lopez-Molina,S. do Nascimento,N.A. Silva-Filha,M.H.N.L. Guerrero,A. Sanchez,J. Pacheco,S. Gill,S.S. Soberon,M. Bravo,A. 2021. In vivo nanoscale analysis of the dynamic synergistic interaction of Bacillus thuringiensis Cry11Aa and Cyt1Aa toxins in Aedes aegypti PLoS Pathogens, 17, e1009199.

Wang,Z. Gan,C. Wang,J. Bravo,A. Soberon,M. Yang,Q. Zhang,J. 2021. Nutrient conditions determine the localization of Bacillus thuringiensis Vip3Aa protein in the mother cell compartment Microbial Biotechnology, 14, 551-560.

Yang,Y. Huang,X. Yuan,W. Xiang,Y. Guo,X. Wei,W. Soberon,M. Bravo,A. Liu,K. 2021. Bacillus thuringiensis cry toxin triggers autophagy activity that may enhance cell death Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 171, 104728.

Jin,M. Yang,Y. Shan,Y. Chakrabarty,S. Cheng,Y. Soberon,M. Bravo,A. Liu,K. Wu,K. Xiao,Y. 2021. Two ABC transporters are differentially involved in the toxicity of two Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1 toxins to the invasive crop-pest Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) Pest Management Science, 77, 1492-1501.

Sena da Silva,I.H. Gomez,I. Pacheco,S. Sanchez,J. Zhang,J. Luque Castellane,T.C. Aparecida Desiderio J. Soberon,M. Bravo,A. Polanczyk,R.A. 2021. Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ab domain III beta-16 is involved in binding to prohibitin which correlates with toxicity against Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 87, e01930-20.

Shi,J. Zhang,F. Chen,L. Bravo,A. Soberon,M. Sun,M. 2020. Systemic mitochondrial disruption is a key event in the toxicity of bacterial pore-forming toxins to Caenorhabditis elegans Environmental Microbiology, Dec 23 Online ahead of print, .

Wang,Z. Wang,K. Bravo,A. Soberon,M. Cai,J. Shu,C. Zhang,J. 2020. Coexistence of cry9 with the vip3A Gene in an Identical Plasmid of Bacillus thuringiensis Indicates Their Synergistic Insecticidal Toxicity Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 68, 14081-14090.

Pacheco,S. Quiliche,J.P.J. Gomez,I. Sanchez,J. Soberon,M. Bravo,A. 2020. Rearrangement of N-Terminal alpha-Helices of Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ab Toxin Essential for Oligomer Assembly and Toxicity Toxins (Basel), 12, E647.

Shu,C. Yan,G. Huang,S. Geng,Y. Soberon,M. Bravo,A. Geng,L. Zhang,J. 2020. Characterization of Two Novel Bacillus thuringiensis Cry8 Toxins Reveal Differential Specificity of Protoxins or Activated Toxins against Chrysomeloidea Coleopteran Superfamily Toxins (Basel), 12, .

Gomez,I. Ocelotl,J. Sanchez,J. Aguilar-Medel,S. Pena-Chora,G. Lina-Garcia,L. Bravo,A. Soberon,M. 2020. Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ab domain III beta-22 mutants with enhanced toxicity to Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 86, e01580-20.

Zhang,J. Jin,M. Yang,Y. Liu,L. Yang,Y. Gomez,I. Bravo,A. Soberon,M. Xiao,Y. Liu,K. 2020. The Cadherin Protein Is Not Involved in Susceptibility to Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ab or Cry1Fa Toxins in Spodoptera frugiperda Toxins (Basel), 12, 375.

Onofre,J. Pacheco,S. Torres-Quintero,M.C. Gill,S.S. Soberon,M. Bravo,A. 2020. The Cyt1Aa toxin from Bacillus thuringiensis inserts into target membranes via different mechanisms in insects, red blood cells, and lipid liposomes Journal of Biological Chemistry, 295, 9606-9617.

Zheng,Z. Zhang,Y. Liu,Z. Dong,Z. Xie,C. Bravo,A. Soberon,M. Mahillon,J. Sun,M. Peng,D. 2020. The CRISPR-Cas systems were selectively inactivated during evolution of Bacillus cereus group for adaptation to diverse environments ISME Journal, 14, 1479-1493.

do Nascimento,N.A. Torres-Quintero,M.C. Lopez-Molina,S. Pacheco,S. Romao,T.P. Pereira-Neves,A. Soberon,M. Bravo,A. Silva-Filha,M.H.N.L. 2020. Functional Bacillus thuringiensis Cyt1Aa is necessary to synergize Lysinibacillus sphaericus Binary toxin against Bin-resistant and refractory mosquito species Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 86, 02770-19.

Gong,L. Kang,S. Zhou,J. Sun,D. Guo,L. Qin,J. Zhu,L. Bai,Y. Ye,F. Akami,M. Wu,Q. Wang,S. Xu,B. Yang,Z. Bravo,A. Soberon,M. Guo,Z. Wen,L. Zhang,Y. 2020. Reduced Expression of a Novel Midgut Trypsin Gene Involved in Protoxin Activation Correlates with Cry1Ac Resistance in a Laboratory-Selected Strain of Plutella xylostella (L.) Toxins (Basel), 12, 76.

Anaya,P. Onofre,J. Torres-Quintero,M.C. Sanchez,J. Gill,S.S. Bravo,A. Soberon,M. 2020. Oligomerization is a key step for Bacillus thuringiensis Cyt1Aa insecticidal activity but not for toxicity against red blood cells Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 119, 103317.

Wei,W. Pan,S. Ma,Y. Xiao,Y. Yang,Y. He,S. Bravo,A. Soberon,M. Liu,K. 2020. GATAe transcription factor is involved in Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ac toxin receptor gene expression inducing toxin susceptibility Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 118, 103306.

Shabbir,M.Z. Zhang,T. Prabu,S. Wang,Y.Q. Wang,Z.Y. Bravo,A. Soberon,M. He,K. 2020. Identification of Cry1Ah-binding proteins through pull down and gene expression analysis in Cry1Ah-resistant and susceptible strains of Ostrinia furnacalis Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 163, 200-208.

Guo,Z. Gong,L. Kang,S. Zhou,J. Sun,D. Qin,J. Guo,L. Zhu,L. Bai,Y. Bravo,A. Soberon,M. Zhang,Y. 2020. Comprehensive analysis of Cry1Ac protoxin activation mediated by midgut proteases in susceptible and resistant Plutella xylostella (L.) Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 163, 23-30.

Garcia-Gomez,B.I. Cano,S.N. Zagal,E.E. Dantan-Gonzalez,E. Bravo,A. Soberon,M. 2019. Insect Hsp90 Chaperone Assists Bacillus thuringiensis Cry Toxicity by Enhancing Protoxin Binding to the Receptor and by Protecting Protoxin from Gut Protease Degradation MBio, 10, e02775-19.

Ma,Y. Zhang,J. Xiao,Y. Yang,Y. Liu,C. Peng,R. Yang,Y. Bravo,A. Soberon,M. Liu,K. 2019. The Cadherin Cry1Ac Binding-Region is Necessary for the Cooperative Effect with ABCC2 Transporter Enhancing Insecticidal Activity of Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ac Toxin Toxins (Basel), 11, 538.

Wan,L. Lin,J. Du,H. Bravo,A. Soberon,M. Sun,M. 2019. Bacillus thuringiensis targets the host intestinal epithelial junctions for successful infection of Caenorhabditis elegans Environmental Microbiology, 21, 1086-1098.

Liu,Y. Wang,Y. Shu,C. Lin,K. Song,F. Bravo,A. Soberon,M. Zhang,J. 2018. Cry64Ba and Cry64Ca, Two ETX/MTX2-Type Bacillus thuringiensis Insecticidal Proteins Active against Hemipteran Pests Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 84, e01996-17.

Bravo,A. Lopez-Diaz,J.A. Yamamoto,T. Harding,K. Zhao,J.J. Mendoza,G. Onofre,J. Torres,M.C. Nelson,M.E. Wu,G. Sethi,A. Soberon,M. 2018. Susceptible and mCry3A resistant corn rootworm larvae killed by a non-hemolytic Bacillus thuringiensis Cyt1Aa mutant Scientific Reports, 8, 17805.

Sena de Silva,I. Gomez,I. Sanchez,J. Martinez de Castro,D.L. Valicente,F.H. Soberon,M. Polanczyk,R.A. Bravo,A. 2018. Identification of midgut membrane proteins from different instars of Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) that bind to Cry1Ac toxin PLoS ONE, 13, e0207789.

Pena-Cardena,A. Grande,R. Sanchez,J. Tabashnik,B.E. Bravo,A. Soberon,M. Gomez,I. 2018. The C-terminal protoxin domain of Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ab toxin has a functional role in binding to GPI-anchored receptors in the insect midgut Journal of Biological Chemistry, 293, 20263-20272.

Gomez,I. Ocelotl,J. Sanchez,J. Lima,C. Martins,E. Rosales-Juarez,A. Aguilar-Medel,S. Abad,A. Dong,H. Monnerat,R. Pena,G. Zhang,J. Nelson,M. Wu,G. Bravo,A. Soberon,M. 2018. Enhancement of Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ab and Cry1Fa toxicity to Spodoptera frugiperda by domain III mutations indicates two limiting steps in toxicity as defined by receptor binding and protein stability Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 84, e01393-18.

Rocha-Munive,M.G. Soberon,M. Castaneda,S. Niaves,E. Scheinvar,E. Eguiarte,L.E. Mota-Sanchez,D. Rosales-Robles,E. Nava-Camberos,U. Martinez-Carrillo,J.L. Blanco,C.A. Bravo,A. Souza,V. 2018. Evaluation of the Impact of Genetically Modified Cotton After 20 Years of Cultivation in Mexico Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology, 6, 82.

Gomez,I. Rodriguez-Chamorro,D.E. Flores-Ramirez,G. Grande,R. Zuniga,F. Portugal,F.J. Sanchez,J. Pacheco,S. Bravo,A. Soberon,M. 2018. Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) aminopeptidase N1 is functional receptor of Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ca toxin Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 84, UNSP e01089-18.

Liu,L. Chen,Z. Yang,Y. Xiao,Y. Liu,C. Ma,Y. Soberon,M. Bravo,A. Yang,Y. Liu,K. 2018. A single amino acid polymorphism in ABCC2 loop 1 is responsible of differential toxicity of Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ac toxin in different Spodoptera (Noctuidae) species Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 100, 59-65.

Pacheco,S. Gomez,I. Sanchez,J. Garcia-Gomez,B.I. Czajkowsky,D.M. Zhang,J. Soberon,M. Bravo,A. 2018. Helix alpha-3 inter-molecular salt bridges and conformational changes are essential for toxicity of Bacillus thuringiensis 3D-Cry toxin family Scientific Reports, 8, 10331.

Wang,Z. Fang,L. Zhou,Z. Pacheco,S. Gomez,I. Song,F. Soberon,M. Zhang,J. Bravo,A. 2018. Specific binding between Bacillus thuringiensis Cry9Aa and Vip3Aa toxins synergizes their toxicity against Asiatic rice borer (Chilo suppressalis) Journal of Biological Chemistry, 293, 11447.

Wang,K. Shu,C. Soberon,M. Bravo,A. Zhang,J. 2018. Systematic characterization of Bacillus Genetic Stock Center Bacillus thuringiensis strains using Multi-Locus Sequence Typing Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 155, 5-13.

Torres-Quintero,M.C. Gomez,I. Pacheco,S. Sanchez,J. Flores,H. Osuna,J. Mendoza,G. Soberon,M. Bravo,A. 2018. Engineering Bacillus thuringiensis Cyt1Aa toxin specificity from dipteran to lepidopteran toxicity Scientific Reports, 8, 4989.

Shabbir,M.Z. Quan,Y. Wang,Z. Bravo,A. Soberon,M. He,K. 2018. Characterization of the Cry1Ah resistance in Asian corn Borer and its cross-resistance to other Bacillus thuringiensis toxins Scientific Reports, 8, 234.

Soberon,M. Portugal,L. Garcia-Gomez,B.I. Sanchez,J. Onofre,J. Gomez,I. Pacheco,S. Bravo,A. 2018. Cell lines as models for the study of Cry toxins from Bacillus thuringiensis Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 93, 66-78.

Libros y capítulos recientes

Bravo,A. Gill,S.S. Soberon,M. 2019. Bacillus thuringiensis: Mechanisms and use [This article is an update of A. Bravo, M. Soberón, S.S. Gill, 6.6 en: Encyclopedia of Microbiology. Elsevier. pags. 307-332

Bravo de la Parra,M.A. Soberon Chavez,M. 2019. Desarrollos biotecnológicos en algodonero en: Souza Saldivar,V. Algodón GM en Mexico: 20 años de siembra y experiencia. CD MX. UNAM. pags. 43-52

Rocha Munive,M.G. Eguiarte Fruns,L.E. Soberon Chavez,M. Bravo de la Parra,M.A. Souza Saldivar,V. 2019. Algodón GM en Mexico: 20 años de siembra y experiencia. CD MX:. UNAM.

Soberon,M. Monnerat,R. Bravo,A. 2018. Mode of Action of Cry Toxins from Bacillus thuringiensis and Resistance Mechanisms en: Mandal,M. Microbial Toxins. Dordrecht. Springer Netherlands. pags. 15-27

Otras Publicaciones

Wan,L. Lin,J. Du,H. Bravo,A. Soberon,M. Peng,D. Sun,M. 2018. Bacillus thuringiensis targets the host intestinal epithelial junctions for successful infection of Caenorhabditis elegans bioRxiv, preprint posted June 4, 2018, Now published in Environmental Microbiology doi: 10.1111/1462-2920.14528.

Ibarra,J.E. Castro,M.C. Galindo,E. Patino,M. Serrano,L. Garcia,R. Carrillo,J.A. Pereyra-Alferez,B. Alcazar-Pizana,A. Luna-Olvera,H. Galan-Wong,L. Pardo,L. Munoz-Garay,C. Gomez,I. Soberon,M. Bravo,A. 2006. [Microorganisms in the biological control of insects and phytopathogens] Revista Latinoamericana de Microbiologia, 48, 113-120.

Miranda,R. Gomez,I. Soberon,M. Bravo,A. 2002. Mecanismo de accion de las toxinas Cry de Bacillus Thuringiensis.TIP revista especializada en Ciencias Quimico-Biologicas, 5, 5-13.


L. Pardo-López, E. B. Tabashnik, M. Soberón-Chavéz y M. A. Bravo-De La Parra 2009 Supresión de resistencia en insectos hacia las toxinas Cry de Bacillus thuringiensis utilizando toxinas que no requieren al receptor caderina.UNAM Europa, China, Canadá, India, Brasil y México (Números de solicitud pendientes). (en trámite)

M. Soberon M y M. A. Bravo 2008 Novel bacterial proteins with pesticidal activity.UNAM China 200680032864.5, Brasil PI0613111-5, India 200800272, Estados Unidos sin número y Europa 06795076.6. (en trámite)

L. Pardo-López, E. B. Tabashnik, M. Soberón-Chavéz y M. A. Bravo-De La Parra 2007 Supresión de resistencia en insectos hacia las toxinas Cry de Bacillus thuringiensis utilizando toxinas que no requieren al receptor caderina.UNAM PCT. (en trámite)

M. Soberon Ch. y M. A. Bravo de la P 2006 Novel bacterial proteins with pesticidal activity.UNAM PCT y Canadá 2625061. (en trámite)

M. Soberon y M. A. Bravo 2005 Novel bacterial proteins with pesticidal activity.UNAM Estados Unidos.

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